analytical chemistry

Oral Presentation Fall 2022Name:__________________________
Chem 2222
Page 1 of 3
Video Assignment: connecting chemistry to UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
One aim of chemistry is to address the multiple global crises that we are currently facing. No
single problem can be addressed in isolation, as they are interconnected. The goal of this
assignment is to demonstrate that you understand one specific challenge and connect it to other
challenges. You should also suggests steps to take towards solutions. You may use a variety of
sources (newspaper articles, personal experiences, etc). Your argument must be clear,
convincing, and evidence-based (i.e. do not overstate a claim based on weaker evidence.)
Video Submissions: You must submit a video 3-5 minute in length per participant. Groups may
be connected through online meeting or in-person. Groups will submit one video but may choose
to submit separate reflections. Reflections must include a detailed visual guide to the topic which
is used in the presentation.
Hint on video: be sure that the sound is clear and any visualizations can be read. Test a bit your
setup. If we can’t hear, you will need to re-do!
References: You must cite each piece of information and use an appropriate referencing style. If
a reference is from a journal article, it must be referenced in an appropriate style (i.e. APA or
other style, not a link to a website.)
Guidelines: You may not read or quote directly from the book or any other source. You must
discuss, in your own words, how a specific topic relates to at least two UN Sustainable
Development Goals. You may use notes. You must draw or otherwise create visuals while
completing this assignment. Your explanation does not have to be perfect to get all the points.
If you make an error, you are expected to address it in the reflections.
The video will be submitted to Voice thread the reflection will be submitted to Blackboard.
UN Sustainable Development Goals & Systems Thinking.
In order to connect to the UN SDGs, please take a look at their Website:
Note that the website is just a guide, use the discussions from class (and the LCC Dialogue) to
help identify local and specific examples.
“One-world chemistry and systems thinking” Matlin, S.A., Mehta, G., Hopf, H. Krief, K. Nature
Chem. 2016, 8, 393
Oral Presentation Fall 2022
Chem 2222
Page 2 of 3
Topics: Select one topic below and use the provided references, or use one of the topics
suggested from quiz 6. You must explain the general topic, connect it to the UN SDGs, and explain
the analytical chemistry in one of the articles that follow. You are expected to explain how
measurements were taken, the results, and any limitations presented in the paper.
Quiz 6 topics:
The Greenhouse Effect: Box 20-1 (and black body radiation, Fig 20-4) See also
“Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis” Working Group I Contribution to the IPCC
Fifth Assessment Report, 2013
Carbon Dioxide in the Oceans: Box 10-2
A Simplified Model To Predict the Effect of Increasing Atmospheric CO2 on Carbonate Chemistry
in the Ocean, Bozlee, B.J., Janebo, M., Jahn, G., J. Chem. Educ., 2008, 85, 2, 213
Lead/industrial waste in water/air/soil:
“Forensic Estimates of Lead Release from Lead Service Lines during the Water Crisis in Flint,
Michigan,” Olson, T.E., Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett. 2017, 4, 356−361
“Seconds-Resolved, In Situ Measurements of Plasma Phenylalanine Disposition Kinetics in
Living Rats.” Andrea Idili, Analytical Chemistry 2021 93 (8), 4023-4032
Oral Presentation Fall 2022
Chem 2222
Page 3 of 3
Grading Rubric
Connect to at least two UN SDGs (10)
Include proposed solutions that are well-researched and cited. They
should cover areas like policy and technology. (5)
Length acceptable. (10)
Information is labeled, legible, and clearly laid out. (5)
Very briefly describes analytical method (15). If you work in a group,
you are expected to cover more analytical chemistry.
Information is correct and properly sourced. (10)
Addressed significant errors or oversights. Identified elements of their
video that worked well. (connected to video). In what ways will you use
systems thinking as a scientist?
15 points
15 points
25 points
15 points.
Interview with Dr. Akira Yoshino
Honorary Fellow, Asahi Kasei Corp.
Who does not and has not used a battery? From the simplest device to the complex
instruments, batteries have been used to power types of machinery that do not involve
direct electrical connection. Battery equals portability. This is why, as a student, the
lithium-ion battery developed by Dr. Akira Yoshino is a notable piece in this modern times.
In late 1990, there is a huge development of portable electronic devices which most
of us enjoy. There are video cameras, computers, and cell phones which led to an
increasing need for rechargeable batteries that have bigger power and capacity, are
smaller in size, and are lighter in weight. Conventional batteries at that time such as leadacid and nickel-cadmium batteries have their disadvantages and limitations which do not
meet these criteria.
To address these needs, Dr. Akira Yoshino thought of the words portable, cordless,
and wireless. These have led the research and development team to study, experiment,
and test different combinations of metals, nonmetals, conductors, and solutions to
achieve a portable power source that is strong enough yet light and small enough to be
hand carried to help individuals accomplish their daily tasks. This led to the development
of the Lithium Ion Battery, LIB.
A LIB is a rechargeable, powerful yet light battery with a lithium oxide (Li2O)
cathode as the positive electrode, and carbon as the anode in the negative end of the
electrode. When the battery is being used, it gets discharged, then lithium ion moves from
the anode to the cathode, when it is being charged, the lithium ions jump back from the
cathode to the anode. This back-and-forth movement of lithium- ion between the cathode
and anode produces a potential that powers a device.
The lithium-ion battery is superior compared to other batteries due to these
reasons. It has a high electromotive force, meaning, it possesses higher capacity because
it uses nonaqueous electrolytes, Lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) dissolved in organic
carbonates, that is specialized materials for positive and negative electrodes. It is an
improved and enhanced battery that is safer as it avoids the use of metallic lithium which
is toxic, and reactive. Lastly, when charged, lithium ions are liberated from the positive end
of the electrode and migrate into the negative electrode made of carbonaceous material.
The reverse reaction takes place when the battery is used. It is during discharging that the
electric energy is stored because of a reversible reaction as shown below.
LiCoO2 + C Li1-x CoO2 + LiXC
Cathode (charge):
LiCoO2 → Li1-x CoO2
Anode (discharge):
C → LiXC
The Utilization of Lithium Ion Batter having a cell reaction that does not involve the
conversion of chemicals provides excellent durability over a long period of time. The
availability of this battery in the market has vastly contributed to the development of
portable electronic devices such as laptops, smartphones, vehicles, etc. which we all enjoy
today and in the coming generations.
Figure 1. The schematic diagram of lithium-ion battery
A galvanic cell, named after Luigi Galvani, or voltaic cell is named after Alessandro
Volta, the scientists who worked on discovering and developing this chemical cell. Galvanic
or Voltaic cell is an electrochemical cell that involves the conversion of chemical energy
produced from a spontaneous redox reaction into electrical energy.
Electrolyte: Lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) dissolved in organic carbonates
Anode: Carbon,
C → LiXC
Cathode: LiCoO2,
LiCoO2 → Li1-x CoO2
Reaction :
LiCoO2 + C Li1-x CoO2 + LiXC
Figure 2. Lithium-ion battery from Thermos Fischer Scientific
Photo grabbed:
Below is a list of topics that we have explored in class/are mentioned in the textbook. If you are looking
for partners, you can put your email address here to facilitate communication. If possible it would be ideal
to select a broad array of topics. If several groups select the same topic, try to communicate amongst groups
to divide into sub-topics so that presentations are different. Be sure to use references from the sections in
the book. I expect to see information beyond what is in the textbook for each topic.
Exploration of materials suitable for
electrochemical intercalation of single
and multivalent ions:
Definition of chemical pathways of
electrochemical reactions with solids, at
scales spanning from atoms to
micrometers, and from bulk to interfaces:
Research | Cabana Group |
University of Illinois Chicago
(Graphene Quantum Dots)
Battery Recycling efforts
Direct Recycling R&D at the ReCell
“The importance of design in
lithium ion battery recycling – a
critical review”:
Molybdenum disulfide battery
Shamah Saribu
Monse Reynoso
Lithium battery: note the
specific reference to begin with which
provides future directions
***Also look at other topics!
Eljen Caseres
Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Electrochemical Sensing of
Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS)
Ambient Oxygen in River Water
ACS Sens. 2020, 5, 3591−3598
Biosensor tracks real-time blood levels
phenylalanine in rats
Anal. Chem. 2021, DOI:
Interphase challenges in batteries
Xing et al, Deciphering the
Ethylene Carbonate −Propylene
Carbonate Mystery in Li-Ion
Batteries, Acc Chem Research
51, 282 (2018) Winter, Barnett,
Xu, Before Li Ion Batteries,
Chem Rev 118, 11433 (2018)
DNA sequencing
Ch 15 intro
Rothberg, J., Hinz, W., Rearick, T.
et al. An integrated semiconductor
device enabling non-optical genome
sequencing. Nature 475, 348–352
Critical care analyzer
Partners: Naisargi Pathak and Charmi Parikh
Fig 15-22
Ion Selective electrode for detecting
sodium and glucose through saliva
or blood.
Micromachines 2015, 6, 831-841;
Lowering detection limits for ISes
Fig 15-30 and references
Battery breakthroughs
Rathi, How we get to the next big
battery breakthrough, Quartz 49-19
Pb detection
Fig 15-32 and references
Electronic nose
Fig 15-44 and references
Graphene sensors
Fig 15-45 and references
Blood Glucose Monitors and
Fig 17-12 and references
Redox Flow battery
nce/article/pii/S0378775320311083 Partners ^

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