1. What type of collective activities might help to sustain commitment to a particular movement? Might some such activities seem too demanding? Use the FMLN movement or the Democratic Workers Party as an example.
2. How might the escalation of a conflict between a movement and its opponents reinforce the solidarity of that movement? When might an escalating conflict lead people to disengage from a movement?
explain how each song below help arouse emotions that might sustain protest? Be sure to address how music helps in framing and frame alignment. Please listen to the music and jot down your impressions of the song upon first hearing it. You may then do a little research on the song to match your impression to the intended framing. Please note these songs range from religious to quite radical
“Lift Every Voice and Sing.” https://youtu.be/MyS3HPInHtI
Lyrics by James Weldon Johnson; music by J. Rosamand Johnson. Key lyric: “We have come over a way that with tears has been watered / We have come, treading our path through the blood of the slaughtered.” Known as the “Black National Anthem”—the antidote to “America, the Beautiful.”
· “Which Side Are You On?” https://youtu.be/9XEnTxlBuGo
Performed by Pete Seeger, written by Florence Reece. “Don’t scab for the bosses, don’t listen to their lies / Us poor folks haven’t got a chance unless we organize.” Written during the labor struggles in Harlan County, Kentucky, in the 1930s, it was later adopted by the civil rights movement.
· Hallelujah I’m a Bum https://youtu.be/j9c1vSIpHA0
Performed by Utah Phillips – is an American folk song that responds with humorous sarcasm to unhelpful moralizing about the circumstance of being a hobo. “Oh, why don’t you save all the money you earn? / If I didn’t eat, I’d have money to burn / Whenever I get all the money I earn / The boss will be broke, and to work he must turn / Oh, I like my boss / he’s a good friend of mine / that’s why I am starving out on the bread line.”
· “Strange Fruit.” https://youtu.be/e1jleqoINjM
2 full pages
Textbook: Goodwin, Jeff, Jasper, J. M. (2015). The Social Movements Reader: Cases and Concepts, 3rd Edition, Malden, MA, Wiley Blackwell.