# HCC Highway Engineer Worksheet

Math 3339Review for Test 1 KEY
1.
2.
3.
4.
P(X ≥ 5) = 0.8338
5.
6.
7.
8.
0.33
a. 0.1
b. 0.1
c. yes
a. 0.027
b. 0.778
9.
a.
b. 0.82
c. 0.16
10. 0.5
11.
12.
13.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
P(X = 4) = 0.15
2.25
1.178
3
a.
b.
c. 4.2
d. 17.64
a. 192
b. 108
c. 0.4375 or 7/16
14.
a.
b. No
15.
a. 0.044
b. 0.3409
16.
0.9066543
17. 0.111
18.
a)
b) Strength: Moderate, Direction: positive, Form: linear
c) Correlation = r = 0.561 there is a positive moderate relationship between the grades
on the first exam (x) and the grades on the final exam (y).
d) LSLR: 𝑦𝑦� = 12.0623 + 0.7771𝑥𝑥
e) X = 85; predicted final exam score = 78.1158
f) Coefficient of determination: R2 = 0.3147, this means that 31.47% of the variation
in the final exam scores can be explained by the LSLR. This low of a R2 implies
that the first exam score may not be the best (or only thing) to predict final exam
score.
19. This is binomial with n = 15 and p = 0.05
a) P(X = 5) = 0.00056
b) This is a low probability.
c) E(X) = 15*.05 = 0.75 (which also confirms that having 5 defective may be too
many defective).
20. Population size 17, 9 men and 8 women, sample size 5.
a) Hypergeometric
b) P(3 men and 2 women) = 0.3801
21. X = cost of man’s dinner, Y = cost of woman’s dinner
a) Marginal pmf
X
f(x)
12
0.2
15
0.5
20
0.3
Y
f(y)
12
0.1
15
0.35
20
0.55
b) P(X ≤ 15, Y ≤ 15) = 0.25
c) fX(12)fY(12) = 0.02 ≠ fX,Y(12,12), thus this is not independent.
d) E(X + Y) = 33.35
e) E(|X – Y|) = 3.85
22. Mean = 10, SD = 0.2
a) E(X1 + X2 + X3 + X4) = 40
b) Var(X1 + X2 + X3 + X4) = 0.16, SD(X1 + X2 + X3 + X4) = 0.4
23. Same question as #17.
Math 3339
Test 1 Review
1. A highway engineer knows that his crew can lay 5 miles of highway on a clear day, 2
miles on a rainy day, and only 1 mile on a snowy day. Suppose the probabilities are as
follows: A clear day: .6, a rainy day: .3, a snowy day: .1. What are the mean and
variance?
2. The following is a stem-plot of the birth weights of male babies born to the smoking
group. The stems are in units of kg.
Stems Leaves
2
3,4,6,7,7,8,8,8,9
3
2,2,3,4,6,7,8,9
4
1,2,2,3,4,5,6
5
3,5,5,6
Find the median birth weight.
3. The heights in centimeters of 5 students are:
165, 175, 176, 159, 172
Find the sample median, sample mean and sample variance.
4. Newsweek in 1989 reported that 60% of young children have blood lead levels that could
impair their neurological development. Assuming a random sample from the population
of all school children at risk, find the probability that at least 5 children out of 10 in a
sample taken from a school may have a blood level that may impair development.
5. The test grades for a certain class were entered into a Minitab worksheet, and then
Descriptive Statistics were requested. The results were:
N
MEAN
MEDIAN TRMEAN STDEV SEMEAN
28
74.71
76.00
75.50 12.61
MIN
MAX
Q1
Q3
94.00
68.00
84.00
2.38
You happened to see, on a scrap of paper, that the lowest grades were 35, 57, 59, 60, …
but you don’t know what the other individual grades are. Nevertheless, a knowledgeable
user of statistics can tell a lot about the data set simply by studying the set of descriptive
statistics above.
a. Write a brief description of what the results in the box tell you about the
distribution of grades. Be sure to address:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
The general shape of the distribution
Unusual features, including possible outliers
The middle 50% of the data
Any significance in the difference between the mean and the median
b. Construct a boxplot for the test grades.
6. Suppose the probability that a company will be awarded a certain contract is .25, the
probability that it will be awarded a second contract is .21 and the probability that it will
get both contracts is .13. What is the probability that the company will win at least one of
the two contracts?
7. A psychologist interested in right-handedness versus left-handedness and in IQ scores
collected the following data from a random sample of 2000 high school students.
Right-handed
High IQ
190
Normal IQ 1710
Total
1900
Left-handed
10
90
100
Total
200
1800
2000
a. What is the probability that a student from this group has a high IQ?
b. What is the probability that a student has a high IQ given that she is left-handed?
c. Are high IQ and left-handed independent? Why or why not?
8. A VCR manufacturer receives 70% of his parts from factory F1 and the rest from factory
F2. Suppose that 3% of the output from F1 are defective while only 2% of the output
from F2 are defective.
a. What is the probability that a received part is defective?
b. If a randomly chosen part is defective, what is the probability it came from
factory F1?
9. A sports survey taken at THS shows that 48% of the respondents liked soccer, 66% liked
basketball and 38% liked hockey. Also, 30% liked soccer and basketball, 22% liked
basketball and hockey, and 28% liked soccer and hockey. Finally, 12% liked all three
sports.
a. Draw a Venn diagram to represent the given information.
b. What is the probability that a randomly selected student likes basketball or
hockey? Solve this by also using an appropriate formula.
c. What is the probability that a randomly selected student does not like any of these
sports?
10. Donald has ordered a computer and a desk from 2 different stores. Both items are to be
delivered Tuesday. The probability that the computer will be delivered before noon is .6
and the probability that the desk will be delivered before noon is .8. If the probability
that either the computer or the desk will be delivered before noon is .9, what is the
probability that both will be delivered before noon?
11. A distribution of grades in an introductory statistics class (where A = 4, B = 3, etc) is:
X
0
1
2
3
4
P(X) .10 .15 .30 .30 ?
a. Find P(X = 4)

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