Inheritance of blood types
One of the most recognizable consequences of genetics is the similarity in traits (phenotypes) between parent and offspring. In the mid-1800s, Gregor Mendel studied these patterns of inheritance in pea plants. Mendel’s conclusions about the genetic basis of inheritance are still used in genetic analyses today and additional concepts have since been established. Multiple alleles and codominance are important concepts in genetics. The ABO blood groups represent a well-known example of these concepts. Answer the following questions to gain a greater understanding of these concepts:What blood type(s) can a child born to a mother with B- blood type and a father with A+ blood type have? Explain your answer fully. Be sure to focus on the concepts of dominant and recessive alleles, multiple alleles, and codominance in your explanation.Are there any special concerns this mother should consider? Explain.Can blood type be used to determine paternity? Why or why not?How do you think O can be the most common blood type when type O is recessive?Although the human population as a whole share the same 29 known blood systems, not all ethnic groups have the same ratios of blood types in their populations. Discuss this fact from an evolutionary perspective.