Leadership Studies

See AttachedRun Tunitin reportName:____________________LEADERSHIP ORIENTATIONSThis questionnaire asks you to describe yourself as a manager and leader. For each item, give thenumber “4” to the phrase that best describes you, “3” to the item that is next best, and on down to “1” forthe item that is least like you.1. My strongest skills are:__3___ a. Analytic skills__4___ b. Interpersonal skills__1___ c. Political skills___2__ d. Flair for drama2. The best way to describe me is:___3__ a. Technical expert__2___ b. Good listener__4___ c. Skilled negotiator__1___ d. Inspirational leader3. What has helped me the most to be successful is my ability to:__4___ a. Make good decisions___2__ b. Coach and develop people__3___ c. Build strong alliances and a power base __1___ d. Inspire and excite others4. W hat people are most likely to notice about me is my: __4___ a. Attention to detail__3___ b. Concern for people__2___ c. Ability to succeed, in the face of conflict and opposition__1___ d. Charisma.5. My most important leadership trait is:__4___ a. Clear, logical thinking __3___ b. Caring and support for others __2___ c. Toughness and aggressiveness__1___ d. Imagination and creativity6. I am best described as:__4___ a. An analyst___2__ b. A humanist___1__ c. A politician__3___ d. A visionary_____ST _____HR _____PL _____SY _____Total _________________________________8 1988, Lee G. Bolman and Terrence E. Deal. All rights reserved. This survey is based on ideas in Bolman andDeal’s Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice and Leadership (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1991, 1997, 2003).LEADERSHIP ORIENTATIONS SCORINGThe Leadership Orientations instrument is keyed to four different conceptions oforganizations and of the task of organizational leadership.Plot each of your scores on the appropriate axis of the chart below: ST for Structural, HR forHuman Resource, PL for Political, and SY for Symbolic. Then read the brief description of eachof these orientations toward leadership and organizations.[Scales are adjusted to represent percentile scores. The lowest number for each frame representsthe 25 percentile; the highest number represents the 90 percentile. The table below shows th thpercentiles for each frame, based on a sample of more than 700 managers from business,education and government. For the structural frame, for example, 25% of managers ratethemselves 12 or below, and only 10% rate themselves 23 or above. The percentiles for eachframe are shown in the table below, based on a sample of more than 700 managers in business,education, and government.]Leadership Orientations Scoring 3In a sample of more than 700managers:Structural HumanResourcePolitical Symbolic10% rated themselves at orabove:22 24 17 2125% rated themselves above: 19 22 13 1750% rated themselves above: 16 19 11 1475% rated themselves above: 12 16 9 11Interpreting Scores1. Structural leaders emphasize rationality, analysis, logic, facts and data. They are likely to believestrongly in the importance of clear structure and well-developed management systems. A good leader issomeone who thinks clearly, makes the right decisions, has good analytic skills, and can design structuresand systems that get the job done.2. Human resource leaders emphasize the importance of people. They endorse the view that thecentral task of management is to develop a good fit between people and organizations. They believe inthe importance of coaching, participation, motivation, teamwork and good interpersonal relations. Agood leader is a facilitator and participative manager who supports and empowers others.3. Political leaders believe that managers and leaders live in a world of conflict and scarce resources.The central task of management is to mobilize the resources needed to advocate and fight for the unit’s orthe organization’s goals and objectives. Political leaders emphasize the importance of building a powerbase: allies, networks, coalitions. A good leader is an advocate and negotiator who understands politicsand is comfortable with conflict.4. Symbolic leaders believe that the essential task of management is to provide vision andinspiration. They rely on personal charisma and a flair for drama to get people excited and committed tothe organizational mission. A good leader is a prophet and visionary, who uses symbols, tells stories andframes experience in ways that give people hope and meaning.Computing Scores:Compute your scores as follows:ST = 1a + 2a + 3a + 4a + 5a + 6aHR = 1b + 2b + 3b + 4b + 5b + 6bPL = 1c + 2c + 3c + 4c + 5c + 6cSY = 1d + 2d + 3d + 4d + 5d + 6d

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