Unit 4 [BU224 Assignment Template]
Unit 4 Assignment: Elasticity of Demand
Course Number and Section:
General Instructions for all Assignments:
1. Unless specified differently by your course instructor, save this assignment template to your computer with the following file naming format:
Course number_section number_last name_first name_unit number
2. At the top of the template, insert the appropriate information:
Your name, course number and section, and the date
3. Insert your answers below, or in the appropriate space provided for in the question. Your answers should follow APA 6th edition format with citations to your sources and, at the bottom of your last page, a list of references. Your answers should also be in Standard English with correct spelling, punctuation, grammar, and style (double-spaced, in Times New Roman, in 12–point, and black font). Respond to questions in a thorough manner, providing specific examples of concepts, topics, definitions, and other elements asked for in the questions.
4. Upload the completed Assignment to the appropriate Dropbox.
5. Any questions about the Assignment, or format questions, should be directed to your course instructor.
In this Assignment, you will focus on marginal utility, Price Elasticity of Demand, and understanding the difference between Price Elasticity of Demand and Income Elasticity of Demand.
We all subconsciously assign “scores” to what we are considering to purchase, based on our expected level of “satisfaction” (Marginal Utility) with that purchase. When making simultaneous pairs of purchases, again we subconsciously compare the amount of “satisfaction” (Marginal Utility) that we will receive from the pair of purchases. To decide on the “ideal” combination of these two purchases, we expect that the last dollar we spend on each of the items will give us the “same” satisfaction per dollar (Marginal Utility per dollar). Further, we know that the MORE of an item that we get, the next one we get will give us LESS “satisfaction” (Marginal Utility) than the last one gave us (the Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility). Using what you have learned about Marginal Utility and Marginal Utility per dollar, answer the following questions.
1. Jane has been working all day, missing both her breakfast and lunch. Finally able to leave work, after being required to work a couple of overtime hours, she is starving. Jane has $20 in her pocket, so she stops at a local fast food restaurant and orders a grilled chicken sandwich and an order of fries. As she sits down to eat them, a University student approaches her and tells her that she is doing a research project for her microeconomics course, and would like to ask Jane a few quick questions. Jane agrees and the student asks what “score” (marginal utility) from 1 to 100 would she give as her satisfaction level with the 1st sandwich and the 1st fries? After eating that order, Jane is still hungry and orders a second chicken sandwich and another order of fries. Again, the student asks Jane to give her new scores. Since Jane has not eaten all day, she is hungry enough to order a third round of food and again gives “scores” to the inquisitive student.
Below is the University student’s completed experiment tally sheet of Jane’s marginal utility “scores” and the calculation of her marginal utility per dollar , given that each sandwich costs $4.00, and each order of fries costs $2.00. Her budget is $20.
The student filled in the shaded cells based on Jane’s responses, then computed the values in the remaining cells. Using this information, answer the following questions:
Student’s completed experiment tally sheet. Available budget is $20.
|Order of||mu (score) from 1 to 100||Price of each$4.00||Money spent on||Order of||mu (score) from 1 to 100||Price of each$2.00||Money spent on||Total Money Spent||Total Budget Remaining|
|Chicken Sandwich||mu||mu/$||Chicken Sandwich||Fries||mu||mu/$||Fries|
|Total utility for both||308|
|Total spent on Chicken Sandwiches||$12.00||Total spent on fries||$6.00||$18.00||$2.00|
a. Is Jane maximizing her utility? Explain your reasoning and show any calculations. (2 points)
b. If Jane is not maximizing her utility, remembering the Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility, would she be better off to buy one less chicken sandwich and one more order of fries? Explain your reasoning and show any calculations. (2 points)
c. If Jane is not maximizing her utility with the original purchase combination, remembering the Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility, would she be better off buying just one more order of fries? Explain your reasoning and show any calculations. (2 points)
d. If Jane is not maximizing her utility with the original purchase, remembering the Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility, would she be better off buying one less order of fries and one more chicken sandwich? Explain your reasoning and show any calculations. (2 points)
2. Remembering the Learning Activity in Unit 3, in the year 107 WBCE (Way Before the Common Era) the Gondwanaland Chairman of Production reported that the gosum berry growers could meet an average demand of 700 barrels of gosum berries per month at an average a price of $70 per barrel.
In the year 108 WBCE, the growers were plagued with a gosum berry bug infestation that reduced average output, causing production to fall to only 600 barrels per month, causing the price to rise to $84 per barrel. The following table shows the Chairman’s report:
|Year (WBCE)||Monthly barrels of gosum berries demanded||Price per barrel|
a. Using the midpoint method, calculate the price elasticity of demand for Gondwanaland gosum berries. Explain what this price elasticity of demand means? (6 points)
b. Complete the table below by calculating what the monthly average total revenue is for year 107, what the monthly average total revenue is for year 108, and the change in average total monthly revenue for these two years. How have these numbers changed? (4 points)
|Year (WBCE)||Monthly barrels of gosum berries demanded||Price per barrel||Change inaverage total monthly revenue||Monthly average total revenue|
c. Using your answer to part a. above, how could you have predicted the change in total monthly revenue that you found in part b. above? (6 points)
3. The Gondwanaland Chairman of Production reported that the new Altair chariots (most modern, horse drawn family chariot) had a PRICE elasticity of 3 and an INCOME elasticity of 2. The supply of these Altair chariots is elastic. Evaluate the following statements and explain why you think they are true, or false.
a. A 20% increase in the price of the Altair chariot will cause the quantity demanded to fall by an astounding 60%. (4 points)
b. An increase in Gondwanaland consumers’ incomes will cause prices to rise, but the total quantity demanded will also increase. (4 points)
|Unit 4 Assignment: Elasticity of Demand||Possible Points||Points Earned|
|Used correct file name in uploading assignment document.||1|
|Demonstrated concerted effort to utilize material from the textbook and/or seminars to answer questions.||3|
|Correctly formatted in-text citations and listed at least ONE reference.||3|
|Used standard English with few or no grammatical errors.||1|
|1.a. Correctly determined and explained, if utility is maximized at 3 sandwiches and 3 fries.||2|
|1.b. Correctly determined and explained, if utility is maximized at 2 sandwiches and 4 fries.||2|
|1.c. Correctly determined and explained, if utility is maximized at 3 sandwiches and 4 fries.||2|
|1.d. Correctly determined and explained, if utility is maximized at 4 sandwiches and 2 fries.||2|
|2.a. Correctly determined, using the midpoint method, the price elasticity of demand for gosum berries.||6|
|2.b. Correctly determined the year 107 revenue and the year 108 revenue?||4|
|2.c. Correctly explained how the change in revenue could have been predicted from elasticity calculation.||6|
|3.a. Correctly determined and explained if the quantity of Altair chariots demanded would fall by 60%.||4|
|3.b. Correctly determined and explained if the quantity of Altair chariots demanded would increase.||4|
|Less points deducted for late submission|
Page 4 of 5
We've got everything to become your favourite writing service
Money back guarantee
Your money is safe. Even if we fail to satisfy your expectations, you can always request a refund and get your money back.
We don’t share your private information with anyone. What happens on our website stays on our website.
Our service is legit
We provide you with a sample paper on the topic you need, and this kind of academic assistance is perfectly legitimate.
Get a plagiarism-free paper
We check every paper with our plagiarism-detection software, so you get a unique paper written for your particular purposes.
We can help with urgent tasks
Need a paper tomorrow? We can write it even while you’re sleeping. Place an order now and get your paper in 8 hours.
Pay a fair price
Our prices depend on urgency. If you want a cheap essay, place your order in advance. Our prices start from $11 per page.